A fire risk assessment is a crucial and cautious look at your premises and the people who use them from a fire prevention perspective. They are a legal requirement under The Regulatory Reform Order 2005. It should be carried out by organisations of all types and sizes to ensure the maximum safety of employees and visitors. The assessment identifies and examines potential fire hazards and their associated risks. This enables organisations to take the necessary precautions to prevent fires from occurring and, in the event of a fire, minimise the impacts.
The following are the five components of a fire risk assessment that must be considered.
This first step is to identify any potential fire hazards in the workplace. Ask yourself, how could a fire start and what could burn?
Fire starts when a source of ignition comes into contact with fuel and oxygen. So, with that in mind, a good way to mitigate fire hazards is to keep sources of ignition and fuel apart.
How could a fire start?
One of the first things to consider in this stage of the fire risk assessment is how or where a fire could start. Assess sources of heat such as electrical equipment, cooking equipment, smoking areas, heaters, and naked flames from things items such as a candle.
What could burn?
Then examine the inside and outside of the premises and identify what could burn (sources of fuel). Some examples of this include:
• Combustible materials
• Flammable liquids
Anything found that could start a fire or that could burn in the event of a fire should be taken note of, and then step 1 is complete.
The next step is to identify who is at risk in the event of a fire. This includes employees, visitors and anyone else who will be in or around the premises.
Once the people at risk have been identified, the assessor should then carefully consider the level of risk these people are at. Take into consideration things such as:
• Their ability to evacuate the building
• Mobility issues and disabilities
• Working hours
• Familiarity with the premises
• Special requirements
Make a note of the people at risk and the people who are especially at risk and then step 2 is complete.
Once the fire hazards and people at risk have been identified, this information is then utilised to evaluate the risks associated with each hazard. This stage focuses on finding ways to avoid accidental fires and examining ways to minimise the current fire risk.
Firstly, assess the risks found in steps 1 and 2. What is the likelihood of a fire occurring? What are the potential consequences if a fire was to occur? How effective are the existing control measures?
From there, it is time to remove and reduce any fire risks, for example:
• Keeping sources of heat/sparks apart
• Inspecting the layout of the building
• Finding out what materials have been used in construction. For instance, do the ceilings or walls have chipboard, hardboard or polystyrene?
• Looking at existing fire protection systems
• Decide who oversees the evacuation procedure
• Determine if there are ways to put out small fires quickly to stop them from spreading
• Removing or securing any fuel that an arsonist may use
These are just a handful of examples that should be considered and acted upon in this stage of the fire risk assessment. Once this step is completed, the next step is to prepare.
This stage is about implementing control measures in response to the evaluation of risks. The three parts of this step are record, plan and train.
Keep a record of the fire hazards that have been identified and what has been done to remove or reduce the risks associated with them. A fire risk assessment record is a sensible option for all businesses to have but businesses must have one if they are a business larger than 4 people or have a license.
Businesses must have a clear plan of how they are preventing fire and how they will protect people if a fire were to unfortunately happen. If a building is shared, all parties sharing the building should coordinate their plans.
This plan should be communicated to everyone so that all are well-informed and clear on what to do in case of a fire.
All staff should be trained to know what to do in the event of a fire. A popular example of how to do this is through fire drills. This training should also be provided to temporary staff.
Finally, the produced fire risk assessment should be kept under regular review and updated when necessary. Changes should be communicated with the relevant people and where appropriate, re-training may be needed.
We are third-party accredited to provide fire risk assessment, as a BAFE SP205 Certificated Organisation.
Our Fire Risk Assessments eliminate the jargon by providing a prioritised and easy-to-understand action plan. We operate throughout the UK helping companies meet fire safety compliance whilst keeping costs to a minimum.
For more information and a quick quote, please visit our Fire Risk Assessment page.
Excellent service - prompt professional and useful advice given to the client to enable future planning of detailed remedial works to ensure our 13 schools fire doors are compliant. All detailed surveys were carried out within a 4 week period.Cath R - Multi-Academy Trust
Pyro undertook a detailed fire door and fire stopping survey of a large portfolio of school buildings across a 6-week programme. They were proactive and delivered on the dates they advised they would. Quality reports provided, proactive and engaging work ethic.Andrew S - Large School Portfolio
Great support as always advice and fire risk assessments are top notch. Looking forward to working with Pyro again very soon.Mark Y - County Council
Fire strategy reports, fire risk assessments and fire-stopping surveys always to a high standard. Pyro Fire are responsive and clearly experts in their field. We continue to use Pyro Fire and recommend them to clients.Dan M - Henry Riley LLP
Thorough and comprehensive assessment of our premises. This is the third time we have used Pyro Fire Services and I recommend this very professional organisation!David C - HMO
Very quick to attend site and to turnaround the report. The online system worked well as we could photo and evidence our upgrades without the assessor returning to site. Already instructed Pyro on our next scheme. Would highly recommend.Oliver B - Property Developer
Pyro Fire Services have recently carried out some works for our company, and as always providing an exceptional service. We have worked with Pyro Fire for the past 5 years now and would recommend them to any business.Dave H - Supported Living
Pyro supported us with our fire risk assessment. The process was quick, efficient, fairly priced and they went above and beyond to support us, aswell as being incredibly flexible and understanding of our needs. I'd highly recommend Pyro for all fire safety needs.Sam M - Retail Premises
FRA on a block of flats was carried out, this was required due to out of date FRA, Service was amazing, Report delivered almost instantly. Would use again, would highly recommend!Michelle M - Block of Flats